Skip to content

What are the 6 main types of car insurance coverage?

As a driver, you have a lot of car insurance coverages to choose from. Some are required by your state, and others are optional—but recommended for extra protection.

woman with prosthetic leg searching for car insurance on a laptop

Main types of car insurance

The 6 main types of car insurance coverage that you should know about before getting a car insurance quote or changing your policy are:

  • Liability
  • Medical Payments
  • Personal Injury Protection
  • Collision
  • Comprehensive
  • Uninsured Motorist

Please note, you'll need to pick the amount of each coverage to best meet your needs.

Coverage Types

Required in Some States
1. Liability
Bodily Injury Liability
helps cover other people's medical expenses if you cause an accident.
Property Damage Liability helps cover damages you cause to other people's property in an accident.
2. Medical Payments help pay for your initial medical expenses if you're hurt in an accident, regardless of who is at-fault.
3. Personal Injury Protection (PIP) helps cover other people's medical expenses if you cause an accident.
4. Collision coverage pays for damages to your vehicle from colliding with another vehicle or object, like a tree or guardrail.
5. Comprehensive coverage pays for damages to your vehicle from things other than collisions like hail, theft, or impact with an animal.
6. Uninsured Motorist (UM)
Uninsured Motorist Bodily Injury:
Helps pay for your injuries if the at-fault driver is uninsured.
Uninsured Motorist Property Damage: Helps pay for your car's repairs if the at-fault driver is uninsured.

Other common optional car insurance coverages include:

  • New Car ReplacementTM
  • Gap Coverage
  • 24-Hour Roadside Assist
  • Original Parts Replacement
  • Rental Car Reimbursement

Other Optional Coverages

For What

1. New Vehicle ReplacementTM1 helps if your new car is stolen or totaled in the first year, you'll get the money for a brand-new car, not just the depreciated value.Your car (and your wallet!)
2. Gap Coverage helps if your car is totaled or stolen, and its value is lower than the amount remaining on your loan, this will cover the remaining amount you owe.Your car (and your wallet!)
3. 24-Hour Roadside Assistance2 pays for towing costs or onsite repairs if your vehicle breaks down. We'll pay the full cost of towing if you use our services, or help cover the cost if you make your own arrangements.Your car
4. OEM New Replacement Parts3 helps replace any damaged parts to your vehicle with parts that meet the highest quality standards.Your car
5. Rental Car Reimbursement4 helps pay for a rental car while your vehicle is being repaired after an accident.Your wallet

We know choosing car insurance coverage can be confusing! When you get a quote with us, we'll make sure you meet your state's required minimum coverages (often referred to as “basic car insurance”). We'll also explain optional coverages that can add extra protection.

At Liberty Mutual, you could save money on car insurance by only paying for what you need. It's still car insurance, just customized for you.

You could save up to 12% when you buy customized car insurance online

check mark icon
check mark icon
check mark icon
check mark icon

Related content

“Full Coverage” Car Insurance
animated woman leaning against a yellow car.
What is “full coverage” car insurance and do you need it?

Begin your free online quote


Ready for a quote?

Please note: Information presented on this page is intended to be general information about insurance and is not specific to Liberty Mutual policies. Policies and coverages vary by state and insurer. Contact your insurance company to understand specifics regarding your policy and coverages.

1Optional endorsement. Applies to a covered total loss. Your car must be less than one year old, have fewer than 15,000 miles, and have had no previous owner. Does not apply to leased vehicles or motorcycles. Subject to applicable deductible. Availability may vary by state.
2Coverage is provided on the optional Towing & Labor Coverage endorsement. May vary by state. Applies to mechanical breakdowns and disablements only, and may be subject to limits.
3Optional coverage provided on the Original Parts Replacement Endorsement. Comprehensive and Collision coverage required. Eligibility rules and restrictions apply. May vary by state.
4Coverage is provided on the optional Transportation Expenses Coverage endorsement. Elected rental car coverage daily limits will apply. Damage must be a covered loss. May vary by state.